Psycholinguistics Paradigm: Cognitivist and Rationalist
Cognitive psychology is one of branch of cognitive psychology approach to understand human behavior. Cognitive psychology learn about how people receive, perceive, learn, reason, remember and think about the information.
Cognitive psycholinguistic refers to empirical findings from cognitive psychology to explain the mental processes that underlie the acquisition, storage, production and comprehension of speech and writing.
Cognitive Linguistics argues that there is no separation between knowledge of language with thought or cognition. Cognitive linguistics and psycholinguistics is the relation between language and thought.
Cognitive linguistic considers that language behavior is part of the cognitive abilities that allow humans to learn something. Cognitive linguistic considers that all the structure of language is a symbol so, in any language form and meaning are considered to have no form without meaning.
The cognitivists reject the view of the Behaviourist. They believe that "all people learn the language, not because they have the same conditioning process, but because they have an innate capacity that enables them to acquire the language as a normal maturation process.
Rational is something that can be accepted by the mind and thoughts are accepted in accordance with the ability of the brain. Things that are rational is a matter that in the process can be understood in accordance with reality and reality that exist. Usually the word rational is intended for one thing or activity that makes sense and is well received by the community. Also means that rational norms is standard in the community and has become a regular and permanent.
Plato argues that humans acquire knowledge by concluding with logical way.
Rationalist genre known as the mentalis genre, in which one character is Noam Chomsky. This genre is also called Chomsky genre. Which since 1957 brought important changes in the language.
The rationalist argued that every language has a same way in forming. Almost every language has a sound system, word formation system, the structure of time, at and vocabulary.
The rationalists argue also that the language must be learned and the only human who could learn the language (Hidayat, 1944:65). therefore The rationalist develop principles:
1. A living language is characterized by creativity demanded by the rules.
2. Grammar rules related to the real behavior of psychiatric,
3. Humans are the only creatures who learn the language, and
4. Living language is a language that can be used in thinking.